This stay at home order has been modified to allow some retail businesses to reopen. Oregon's essential services include those mentioned in all 14 categories, with the addition of employees that work in childcare facilities and construction. Three in 10 essential workers have some college (30%) or … On 4 May, the state announced some retail businesses will be allowed to reopen with pickup and physical distancing. Chris Sununu issued a stay-at-home order that will last until the end of May. Employees responsible for repairing and sampling water and sanitation conveyances. People of color make up the majority of essential workers in food and agriculture (50%) and in industrial, commercial, residential facilities and services (53%). Employees in food testing labs in both private industries and in institutions of higher education. In doing this, we build on the excellent work by the Center for Economic and Policy Research in their report A Basic Demographic Profile of Workers in Frontline Industries. On April 24, Gov. Maine essential employees and services are similar to the 14 categories listed above. If you are a contractor or subcontractor that delivers important services to the Department of Defense, you still fall under the essential employee's category. Essential transportation workers are defined as workers supporting or enabling transportation functions in any transportation mode (i.e. Hawaii essential employees work in healthcare, infrastructure, manufacturing, retail, public services, financial services, defense, and construction. People of color make up the majority of essential workers in food and agriculture (50%) and in industrial, commercial, residential facilities and services (53%). Manufacturers, technicians, logistics and warehouse operators, and distributors of medical equipment and supplies. Essential Businesses and Operations. J.B. Pritzker announced a modified stay-at-home order that allows some nonessential businesses to reopen. Asa Hutchinson announced that most nonessential businesses will reopen in stages between 30 April and 11 May. Information may change as the COVID-19 pandemic continues to develop. pallets, crates, containers, and other supplies needed to support manufacturing, packaging, and distribution functions. These employees include those who operate, evaluate, and maintain dams, locks, levees, and bridges. Employees who perform community-based public health functions, including the analysis and communicating of health information (only if employees are unable to work from home). David Ige announced a "safer at home" order that makes provision for some nonessential businesses to reopen on May 7. DES MOINES, Iowa– According to Commercial Cafe 46% or employees work at essential businesses in Des Moines. All employees that support the electrical, petroleum, and natural gas and propane manufacturing and distribution industry are considered essential. distribution; manufacturing, packaging, Food processing workers (including packers, meat processing, cheese plants, milk plants, produce, slaughter facilities, etc.). Phil Murphy announced a stay at home order that prohibits the opening of nonessential businesses. Manufacturing affects multiple industries and essential categories, including transportation and healthcare. Critical infrastructure is a large, umbrella term encompassing sectors from energy to … That list includes those who work in: –Healthcare and Public Health –Law Enforcement, First Responders, Public Safety […] Hazardous material management employees work at nuclear facilities, managing medical waste and waste from pharmaceuticals, laboratories processing test kits, and medical material production. The above table was updated on 06/05/2020. The District of Columbia lists most of the 14 categories as essential services, with the addition of employees that work in transportation and shelter operations. Warehouse employees at transportation businesses. Essential workers are dying as a result. The Connecticut government recognizes the 14 categories listed above as Essential Employees. This means that businesses like grocery stores and restaurants are required to continue operations. Employees who oversee the removal, storage, and disposal of residential and commercial solid and hazardous waste. There are 14 essential employment categories listed by the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). Brad Little announced that Idaho will enter the first stage of the state's recovery plan. Gov. John Bel Edwards issued a stay-at-home order that will last until the April 15. Wisconsin also recognizes the 14 categories listed by CISA as essential. SBS is one such media company continuing its services. Source: Economic Policy Institute (EPI) analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group microdata, EPI Current Population Survey Extracts, Version 1.0.2 (2020), https://microdata.epi.org. Employees conducting critical research about COVID-19. Financial services mainly refer to banking and lending institutions. Newsletter The essential workers on the federal list make up nearly 70 percent of the American labor force, the researchers said, compared with 42 percent for the frontline workers… See also our article on nonessential employees and essential businesses. Contact us The following is the definition of Essential Workers outlined in the . Charlie Baker issued an emergency order requiring all businesses that do not provide essential services to close their physical workplaces. This category refers to critical government workers, as defined by the employer. The full list of frontline essential workers covered by the recommendation also includes all educational staff, including daycare workers, food and agricultural workers, manufacturing workers… On March 22, Gov. One in 10 have less than a high school diploma. Hospital and laboratory employees (including accounting, administrative, admittance and discharge, blood donation, food service, housekeeping, medical records, etc.). Nearly 70% of essential workers do not have a college degree. Workers at operations centers necessary to maintain other essential functions. Examples of Essential Healthcare Employees: Also referred to as emergency management employees, the services they provide are equally as important as healthcare services. An essential employee is a … Gretchen Whitmer called for Michigan residents to stay at home until May 15 but also modified restrictions so some nonessential businesses can reopen. The Trump administration’s failure to provide essential workers basic protections during the coronavirus pandemic sheds light on the importance of unions. On March 25, Gov. Tom Wolf instituted a state reopening plan that will permit some nonessential businesses to operate from May 8. VENDORS. Utah does not have a shelter in place order in place, but has asked residents to "stay safe, stay home.". However, this could change if a stay at home order is issued. There are roughly 55 million workers in industries deemed “essential” at this time. But confusion around who, exactly, constitutes an essential service workers, along … All digital systems infrastructure employees that help support law enforcement and emergency service operations. Essential workers were lambs sent to slaughter by Donald Trump and his no-nothing Republicans. Table 4 shows the union coverage rates of essential and nonessential workers by industry. Gov. Essential workers in the food and agriculture industry have the lowest median hourly wage, at $13.12, while essential workers in the financial industry have the highest, at $29.55. Nevada essential employees fall under most of the 14 categories recognized by CISA, with the addition of home maintenance and repair, public and air transportation, and childcare facilities. On March 19, a stay at home order was issued by the California government. The Energy category comes in three variations: electricity industry, petroleum employees, and natural and propane gas employees. This will last until May 18. Mississippi recognizes all 14 categories as essential services and employees, with a special focus on construction and related services. Essential employees in Iowa include those that work in healthcare, law enforcement, first responders, long-term care and residential support facility personnel, and public workers. On March 27, Gov. Employees that fall under these categories are referred to as "Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers" and are generally required to deliver services around the clock. These essential employees are too valuable in the case of an emergency. All employees that maintain digital systems infrastructure. For greater clarity, this includes but is not limited to: Essential workers in the food and agriculture industry have the lowest median hourly wage, at $13.12, while essential workers in the financial industry have the highest, at $29.55. On March 28, Gov. The State of Ohio recognizes the 14 categories released by CISA as essential services. This order permits the reopening of some nonessential businesses. Pennsylvania essential employees work in healthcare, infrastructure, manufacturing, retail, public services, financial services, defense, and construction. Blood and plasma donors and the employees of the organizations that oversee related activities. How do taxes and spending work, and where do you fit in? During this time, most nonessential businesses will be allowed to operate. Bill Lee signed a stay at home order that will require all nonessential employees to remain indoors until end of May. The coronavirus pandemic has revealed the lack of power far too many U.S. workers experience in the workplace. As shown in Table 1, a majority of essential workers by these definitions are employed in health care (30%), food and agriculture (20%), and the industrial, commercial, residential facilities and services industry (12%). However, on March 19, Gov. Nebraska currently recognizes healthcare services, public workers, and emergency services as essential employees during the COVID-19 pandemic. Farmers (including employees in animal food, feed, and ingredient production, and packaging). Symptomatic employees with a suspected or confirmed diagnosis should not return to the workplace until: At least 72 hours have passed since the resolution … Kentucky's essential employees mostly fall under the 14 categories, with a special focus on manufacturing and supply chain. The Economic Policy Institute staff is unionized with the Jim Justice released a modified order that will allow some nonessential businesses to reopen. All employees responsible for or involved in the installation, distribution, and maintenance of communication infrastructures, including technicians, operators, call-centers, wire-line and wireless providers, cable service providers, and those who support radio, television, and other media services. Air traffic controllers and transportation employees. The definition of a nonessential employee varies from state to state, but generally, it includes employees who do not work in healthcare, infrastructure, public works, food production and distribution, emergency services, and communications. On May 5, Gov. Key differences are that we use a different data set—the Current Population Survey (CPS) instead of the American Community Survey (ACS), so we could get union breakdowns—and we expand the definition of essential to include occupations found in California and Maryland’s executive orders. Examples of Essential Emergency Management Employees: During a state of emergency, it's important for individuals, emergency services, and households to have access to food. Steve Bullock released a phased reopening plan that will take effect between April 27 and May 4. During the COVID-19 pandemic, certain industries are responsible for the continued operation of services, such as healthcare, emergency services, public works, and manufacturing, among others. All operational employees at water authorities, community water systems, wastewater collection facilities, and wastewater treatment facilities. Jobs at EPI Employees supporting the seafood and fishing industry. The Massachusetts government recognizes the 14 categories as essential services. These employees also include those responsible for the cleanup of waste and the maintenance of digital systems infrastructure supporting hazardous materials management operations. Jared Polis issued a "safer at home" order that will end on the 27 May. All natural and propane gas employees that work in gas transmission and the distribution of pipelines, underground storage of natural gas, processing plants, and natural gas security operation centers. Employees conducting cybersecurity functions at healthcare and public health facilities (only if employees are unable to work from home). Some are walking off the job in protest over unsafe conditions and demanding personal protective equipment (PPE), and unions are fighting to ensure workers are receiving adequate workplace protections. Nonessential businesses are permitted to continue operations. This infrastructure requires essential employees, such as grocery clerks, doctors and veterinarians, police officers, and firefighters, to name a few. Essential employees designation is determined by the state, along with the responsibilities of the employee, and the reasons for closing. On May 5, Gov. On the March 24, Gov. On March 31, Gov. The International Labour Office, a United Nations agency, makes distinctions between an essential service and a minimum service. community and voluntary workers, working in a publicly commissioned service, not otherwise included on the list, deployed to assist in the delivery of essential services Doug Ducey announced that retail stores will open on 8 May and restaurants will reopen on 11 May. road, air, rail, marine), in support of the continued essential movement of goods and people, in circumstances where non-essential travel is restricted. Essential employees in Arizona are similar to the 14 categories listed above, with the addition of employees at hotels and motels, laundry businesses, and hardware and supply stores. The functioning of special infrastructure is vital for public health, safety, and community well-being. On 27 April, Gov. Overall, the State recognizes the urgent need for healthcare professionals, first responders, public workers, farmers, and emergency services. Below is a list of essential services as defined by the state of Vermont: HEALTH CARE. © 2021 Economic Policy Institute On May 4, the statewide stay-at-home order expired and the state entered a stage one of its reopening plan. Nearly 70% of essential workers do not have a college degree. Table 3 shows the median wages for nonessential and essential workers by gender, education, and race and ethnicity. Policymakers must address the needs of working people in relief and recovery legislation, and that should include ensuring workers have a meaningful right to a union. There is no statewide stay at home order in place. Nonprofit Professional Employees Union. Essential workers like nurses and grocery store clerks deserve a thank you during the coronavirus pandemic. For instance, during the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare employees perform vital services, such as research and testing, patient care, administration of medication to patients, and much more. On May 4, Kentucky began its phased reopening that will last until May 20. Colorado recognizes employees that work in healthcare, critical manufacturing, financial services, public work, defense, communication, and retail stores (including liquor and firearm stores) as essential. Employees supporting the sanitation of all food manufacturing processes. Men make up the vast majority of essential workers in the energy sector (96%), water and wastewater management (91%), and critical manufacturing (88%). Foodservice employees in residential schools with students who are unable to leave campus. On the March 24, Gov. 1225 Eye St. NW, Suite 600 These include all employees needed to administer and maintain systems for processing financial transactions and services. Eric Holcomb issued a five stage statewide reopening plan that allow some nonessential businesses in the manufacturing, retail, industrial, commercial, and infrastructure industries to operate. New Mexico recognizes essential employees as those that support the public health, safety, and well-being of the State. Prior to the coronavirus pandemic, essential workers provided critical services that often went unnoticed. On April 30, Gov. However, Missouri does recognize most of the 14 categories as essential, especially law enforcement and emergency services, and healthcare employees. Michelle Lujan Grisham instituted a "statewide stay-at-home instruction" that will not allow the opening of nonessential businesses until May 15. This executive order applies to both not-for-profit and for-profit enterprises. Board of Directors In a statement, a spokesperson for SBS said: “with the spread of COVID-19, our trusted news and language services are even more critical in ensuring communities have access to accurate and up-to-date information. These include theaters, bars, salons, and restaurants. Strikingly, some of the most high-risk industries have the lowest unionization rates, such as health care (10%) and food and agriculture (8%). During Tuesday’s press conference Gov. Includes State-by-State Info, How to Hire Temporary Workers [Step-by-Step Guide], How to Become a Contact Tracer [Step-by-Step Guide]. On 4 May, the statewide order expires. Steve Sisolak requested that all nonessential businesses in the state close their doors until mid-May. Other essential workers are further down the list. The following are examples of how unions help working people. Reynolds said Iowa will rely on the U.S Department of Homeland Security’s list of essential industries. Some nonessential businesses are allowed to reopen under strict guidelines. Table 2 shows the demographics of essential workers by industry, including gender, education level, and race and ethnicity. For the U.K. see our information on key workers and essential businesses. For the purposes of this Executive Order, Essential Businesses and Operations means Healthcare and Public Health Operations, Human Services Now, more than two months into the pandemic, many essential workers are still risking their lives without basic health and safety protections, paid leave, or premium pay. Copy the code below to embed this chart on your website. Essential Employees in Delaware are part of the 14 categories, with the addition of employees in natural resources and mining, construction, trade and transportation, and leisure and hospitality. Employees that administer health plans, billing, and health information (only if employees are unable to work from home). Employees and businesses supporting food, feed, and beverage distribution (including warehouse workers, vendor-managed inventory controllers, and blockchain managers). However, some nonessential businesses can operate as of May 11. Workers essential for assistance programs and government payments. On April 27, Gov. Employees who keep roads in good repair and free of debris. The second group, it recommended, should be essential workers. While the Trump administration has failed to provide essential workers basic protections, working people are taking action. Essential employees in Illinois fall under most of the 14 categories, except for defense, energy, and chemical. On 4 May, Gov. Arkansas supports the 14 Essential Employees categories listed above. Postal and shipping employees, including private businesses. Table 3 Nonessential and essential workers’ median hourly wages, by gender, education, and race/ethnicity, 2019 West Virginia essential employees all fall under the 14 categories listed above, with the addition of employees working in hardware stores, motels and hotels, and laundry services. The healthcare industry, both public and private, provides essential services that cannot shut down in any circumstance. Phone: 202-775-8810 • epi@epi.org All of our information has been updated to cover the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic, and current definitions of "essential employee." Here's how to tilt it back. Some, however, may not be so obvious. However, there is a special focus on construction workers and those involved in home repair. Aircraft and weapon systems mechanics and maintainers. On 24 April, Gov. Some nonessential businesses will be allowed to operate under social distancing guidelines. Many of these workers are required to work without protective equipment. Alaska recognizes the 14 categories listed above as Essential Employees, with a special emphasis on construction workers and hardware supply stores. Maryland recognizes all employees that fall under the 14 categories as essential. But what exactly counts as essential work? New Hampshire essential employees fall under all 14 categories recognized by CISA, with the addition of steam workers. South Dakota does not have a specific outline of essential services and employees. Indiana businesses and employees that are labeled as essential include child protective services, mail services, healthcare, and emergency services, and gas stations. 911 call center employees (including telecommunicators, dispatchers, and managerial employees). PROPERTY SERVICES. The state places a special emphasis on health care, food service, law enforcement and similar critical services. On March 25, Mayor Muriel Bowser issued an Executive Order ordering all non-essential business to close. All operational staff and technical support for SCADA control systems. This can vary between states, but generally essential employees are those who work in hospitals, policing, prisons, emergency services, and infrastructure maintenance. Oklahoma's essential employees all fall under the 14 categories recognized by CISA. On March 24, Gov. Kate Brown issued an executive order telling Oregon residents to stay home except for essential needs. North Carolina does not have an official list of essential employees but the State does recognize the 14 categories listed by CISA. Ron DeSantis eased the Florida statewide stay at home order. Vermont recognizes the essential employees listed above, with a special emphasis on childcare facilities and services. The order will end on May 26. On March 23, Gov. On March 21, Gov. Manufacturers and distributors of packaging materials, It's important to note that not all manufacturing employees are considered essential. Andrew Cuomo ordered all workers in nonessential businesses to close down. North Dakota does not have specific guidelines in place that outline essential services and employees. Essential workers are the people who bag your groceries, grill … An essential worker, or key worker, is someone whose job is considered essential to the functioning of society, but who is usually on a low to moderate fixed income. A comprehensive look at their wages, demographics, and unionization rates, Program on Race, Ethnicity, and the Economy, Economic Analysis and Research Network (EARN), are not receiving the most basic health and safety measures, failed to provide essential workers basic protections, A Basic Demographic Profile of Workers in Frontline Industries, access to employer-sponsored health benefits, providing health insurance and requiring safety equipment, 14% increase in the rate of occupational fatalities, enact and enforce policies that would protect essential workers, secured additional paid sick leave, extended paid leave for dependent care, and expanded teleworking policies, are working together to put pressure on transit agencies to secure safety protections, Collective bargaining and right to organize, Program on Race, Ethnicity, and the Economy • PREE, Economic Analysis and Research Network • EARN. Essential services may refer to a class of occupations that have been legislated by a government to have special restrictions in regard to labour actions such as not being allowed to legally strike. Idaho essential employees work in the 14 categories listed above. Examples of Defense Industrial Base Employees: This refers to all employees that support chemical and industrial gas supply chains, such as employees at chemical manufacturing plants, laboratories, distribution facilities, and employees who transport basic raw chemical materials to the producers of industrial and consumer goods. Essential businesses and employees allowed to remain operating include banks, pharmacies, grocery stores, and gas stations. A worker who works for a plastic manufacturer who makes health care products works at an essential business, but if that worker works on a line that produces sports equipment, then they may not work. The order has been modified to allow the reopening of some nonessential businesses. Essential employees, such as health care and food supply workers, who have been exposed to the virus can return to work under certain circumstances, the CDC said. Policy choices have tilted the playing field toward the rich and corporations. An essential employee is a designated employee that is required to work during a business closure in order to meet operational requirements. The first stage only allows certain nonessential businesses to reopen. Interactive tools and videos bringing clarity to the national dialogue on economic inequality. While many states go on lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic, it's the communications and information technology industry that is responsible for ensuring the public is kept informed about the latest developments. On March 17, Gov. Employees who operate and support command centers, data center operators, system administrators, HVAC & electrical, software, and hardware engineers, security personnel, IT managers, and database administrators. The governor's office has released a list of workers considered to be "essential" as determined in conjunction with the New York Department of Economic Development, listed below. Caregivers (including doctors, dentists, psychologists, nurses and assistants, infection control and quality assurance employees, pharmacists, physical and occupational therapists, There’s an inherent imbalance of bargaining power between employers and employees. Examples of Essential Transportation & Logistics Employees: To ensure public facilities are maintained, public workers are considered to be essential. Roy Cooper announced that some nonessential businesses will reopen on May 8. Mark Gordon ordered the closing of all public places for a two-week period. On March 23, Gov. 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